Observation Method in Research and Evaluations
One of the most common methods used in evaluations and research is that of observation. As a technique, it is where the evaluator/researcher observes the behaviour of persons or participants in a natural setting. This means in an environment that the person or participant is accustomed to.
Now, there are different kinds of observation. The image below gives a description of each. Though observation can be straightforward, there are certain ethical issues that the evaluator/researcher should be mindful if he or she chooses to use this method.